What to do in Cozumel?
- Visit the Archaeological Zone
In Cozumel there are several archaeological sites of the Mayan civilization. The most important site is that of San Gervasio, where the Mayans worshiped the goddess Ix Chel. This deity was one of the most important of the Mayan pantheon, since it was the supreme authority in the matters of love, fertility and health.
Among the most important structures in San Gervasio are Las Manitas, rooms that are believed to have been the residence of Señor Itzá de Cozumel about a thousand years ago. Other relevant buildings are the High House, the Central Plaza, The Arch, the Big House and the Chi Chan Nah, a place for rituals.
- Stroll through the Arrecifes de Cozumel National Park
The reefs of Cozumel are part of the Great Mayan Reef, the largest coral reef in America and second in the world, after the Great Barrier Reef in Oceania. The park is predominantly maritime and in its small land area it houses endangered species, such as freshwater turtles, gray fox and dwarf raccoon.
The marine fauna is much more varied, constituting a paradise for underwater sports enthusiasts and biodiversity watchers. Apart from different types of corals, turtles, blue sharks, sharks, crabs, rays and many other species of fish live in the beautiful ecosystem.
- Know the Historical Monuments
Surely you go to Cozumel especially for its beaches, but it is worth knowing a little about the history of the island and its head, San Miguel, through its main monuments. The statue of Juan Bautista Vega is a curious image that holds a machete and a book. Vega was kidnapped by the Mayans when he was 12 years old and the indigenous people spared him because he knew how to read and write. Other striking monuments are the Municipal Public Clock, the Monument to Mestizaje, the Cross of Cozumel and the Monument to Squad 201, which honors Mexican soldiers who fought in World War II.